“Because they work,” is our answer.
It’s time for perspective on mass shooting statistics
It’s true that the state has not been immune to the scourge of mass shootings. But because California ranks first in population (more than 39 million people), looking only at the absolute numbers in mass shooting statistics is misleading.
First, California ranks 44th in the country in gun deaths (as of 2017), and we believe that its strict laws have a lot to do with that. Compare California, at 7.9 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, with Alaska, at 24.5 deaths per 100,000. Alaska is a shall-issue, constitutional carry state. In Alaska there are no firearms registrations, no permit is required to purchase firearms and no background check is needed to buy a handgun from a private individual. Open carry is legal in Alaska for anyone who is legally allowed to possess a firearm. Gun ownership is estimated at 67 percent in Alaska and 20 percent in California. The states are at opposite ends of the spectrum in most respects.
What’s more, many of California’s significant gun laws, including the assault weapons ban, were enacted during a push for gun safety in the early 1990s that grew out of the Stockton schoolyard shooting in 1989. It takes several years to implement laws and for the population to experience their benefit.
As shown below, California’s (and the nation’s) peak in firearm death rates occurred in 1993. Since then, California’s firearm death rates have declined by 55 percent — almost four times the 14-percent decrease seen in the rest of the country.
Firearm deaths in California compared to the rest of the U.S. (Data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Center for Health Statistics and CDC WONDER databases, as of 2017.)
The effect on California’s families
We also want to point out that, while gun safety laws have not completely done away with gun violence in California, they have made a world of difference for many families.
The Fatal Injury Data available in the CDC’s Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) offers some statistics and trends favorable to California’s families:
- From 1993 to 2017, gun homicides among minors in the state dropped by 85 percent compared to the rest of the nation.
- The gun homicide rate is about 20 percent below the rest of the country.
- The rate of fatal gun accidents is 40 percent below the national average.
- The gun suicide rate is about half the national average.
- In other states, children age 12 and under are nearly three times more likely to be murdered with a gun.
To put all that into perspective, if California had the same gun death rate as the rest of the country, the state could have counted 14,000 more victims of gunshot wounds from 2007 to 2017 alone. On the flip side, if the national gun death rate was as low as California’s over this same period, nearly 100,000 Americans who died from gun violence across the country might still be alive.
Gun safety laws work. The statistics tell the full story. That is why SD4GVP and other gun violence prevention groups around the state will continue to push for laws aimed at protecting the people of California.
Jill Marr is a life-long resident of San Diego, a graduate of SDSU and the local Communications Lead for SD4GVP and Moms Demand Action.
image credit: California State Capitol Museum